Louis VII of France
Louis VII of France (25), (1119-1180), married 3rd Adelaide of Champagne (or Adela) (25) (1140 - 1206), daughter of Theobold II (26) (1088 - 1152), Count of Champagne, and his wife Mathilde of Carinthia (26) (1097 - 1160).
Theobold II's father was Estienne Henry (27) (1045 - ?), Count of Blois, and his mother was Princess Adela of England (27) (1062 - ?).
Princess Adela's father was William I the Conqueror (28) (? - ?), King of England, and her mother was Matilda, Countess of Flanders (28) (? - ?).
Mathilde of Carinthia's father was Engelbert II (27) (1065 - ?), Duke of Carinthia, and her mother was Utha Von Sulzbach (27) (1065 - ?), daughter of Ulric Von Putten (28) (? - ?).
Engelbert II's father was Engelbert I (28) (? - ?), Count of Lavanthal, and his mother was Hedwig (28) (? - ?).
Louis VII went on 2nd Crusade, and was involved in the siege of Acre when Richard I Coeur de Lion arrived and forced the surrender of the city. During the siege, Saladin kept the royal invaders supplied with fresh figs and ice and snow from the mountains so they could have chilled wine in the desert.
(Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine (about 1122 - 1204), was the 1st wife of Louis VII of France, in 1137, divorced. Married later to Henry II Curmantle [Henry II of England], King of England, May 18, 1152, Bordeaux, France. She is the mother of Richard I Coeur de Lion, King of England by this marriage.)
Louis VII's daughter was Princess Agnes of France (24) (? - ?), who married Adelem de Burgh (24), Steward to King Henry II of England, Governor of City of Wexford, Ireland.
Louis VII's father was Louis VI of France (26), King of France 1081-1137, married Alice or Adelaide of Savoy (26) (1092 - 1154) in 1115, daughter of Hubert II de Maurienne (27) (1062 - ?), Count of Piedmont.
From Encyclopaedia Britannica:
b. c. 1120, d. Sept. 18, 1180, Paris
byname LOUIS THE YOUNGER, French LOUIS LE JEUNE, Capetian king of France who pursued a long rivalry, marked by recurrent warfare and continuous intrigue, with Henry II of England.
In 1131 Louis was anointed as successor to his father, Louis VI (26), and in 1137 he became the sole ruler at his father's death. Louis married Eleanor, daughter of William X, duke of Aquitaine, in 1137, a few days before his effective rule began, and he thus temporarily extended the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees. Louis continued his father's pacification program by building the prestige of the kingship through an administrative government based on trustworthy men of humble origin and by consolidating his rule over his royal domains rather than by adding new acquisitions. From 1141 to 1143 he was involved in a fruitless conflict with Count Thibaut of Champagne and the papacy. But thereafter his relations with the popes were good; Alexander II, whom he supported against Frederick Barbarossa, took refuge in France. But the major threat to his reign came from Geoffrey, count of Anjou and, briefly, of Normandy, and Geoffrey's son Henry, who later (1154) became King Henry II of England as well as ruler of both Anjou and Normandy. After Louis repudiated his wife Eleanor for misconduct on March 21, 1152, she married Henry, who then took over control of Aquitaine. Ironically, this act was probably to Capetian advantage because Aquitaine might have drained the resources of Louis's kingdom while bringing him little revenue. After the death of Louis's second wife, he married Alix of Champagne, whose Carolingian blood brought added prestige to the monarchy (1160); their son became Philip II Augustus.
Louis might have defeated Henry if he had made concerted attacks rather than weak assaults on Normandy in 1152. Anglo-Norman family disputes saved Louis's kingdom from severe incursions during the many conflicts that Louis had with Henry between 1152 and 1174. Louis was helped by the quarrel (1164-70) between Henry and Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and a revolt (1173-74) of Henry's sons. Suger, abbot of Saint-Denis, who acted as regent in 1147-49 while Louis was away on the Second Crusade, is the primary historian for Louis's reign.
From my recent readings, I find it interesting to note that Louis VII was more than fair after he divorced Eleanor of Aquitaine. He gave her back the title to Aquitaine, something he probably would not have done if he'd known she was going to marry Henry II. She and Henry had several children including Richard I Coeur de Lion, all of whom fought nearly continuously with Louis. I also learned that Richard the Lion Hearted probably didn't speak much English, if any at all, even though he was the King of England.
From The Conquerors: The Pageant of England by Thomas B. Costain, copyright 1949 and published by Doubleday and Company:
At this time, Eleanor of Aquitaine (who had first been married to Louis VII of France and was now married to Henry II of England) knew that this daughter of Louis VII (now in her late teens) was having an ongoing affair with her father-in-law-elect. She took her distress over Henry II's outrageous conduct to her sons, especially Richard.
(Henry had earlier had a mistress called popularly "The Fair Rosamonde" and Eleanor of Aquitaine (who was imprisoned by Henry for over 16 years for other reasons) was known as the Evil Queen, because it was popularly believed that Eleanor had poisoned Rosamonde Clifford. A ballad was evolved from the story, "Henry and the Fair Rosamonde" that was to be popular for centuries.)
Louis VII had heard some of the echoes of the scandal now involving his daughter and he clamored indignantly for the wedding with Richard to take place as already arranged. Richard, who had no wish to marry his long- promised bride, joined in with the same demand, but Henry continued to postpone the marriage for year after year.
When Louis VII died in 1180 and was succeeded by his son Philip, the situation was unchanged. Alice was still going wherever the King went and Henry was more openly infatuated with her than ever.
He was making secret overtures to the Pope to have his marriage with Eleanor ended, but the Pope refused to consider a divorce.
During this time, Eleanor was a captive at Winchester.
After Richard became King, Philip tried to force him to carry out the old arrangement and marry Alice, but Richard refused on the grounds that she had been his father's mistress and had borne him a son. (There was no record of this in England, and, if true, the child must have died in infancy.) Philip did not dispute the claim, and finally agreed to the cancellation of the betrothal and Richard chose to marry Princess Berengaria of Navarre, instead.
Philip then gave his unfortunate sister in marriage to a nobleman of France.
But all of this was after Henry's death. As long as he lived, he refused to give her up. She was 32 when he died and had been his mistress for 17 years.
When Richard I Coeur de Lion assumed the throne, one of his first tasks was to dispatch word to England (from Normandy) that his mother was to be released at once and was to act as regent of England until he could arrive.
Although she had been a prisoner for over 16 years, her captivity had been neither close nor unpleasant. Ranulf de Glanville had been a careful custodian, but never unfair nor unfriendly. The Queen said goodbye to her jailer with every evidence of good will.
Richard landed at Portsmouth on August 12, 1189. Eleanor was close to 70 and Richard was 32.
Richard wanted to throw Ranulf de Glanville into the dungeons with a thousand pounds of fetters, but Eleanor talked him out of it, suggesting that Richard fetter him instead with more responsibilities.
Eleanor had already had Alice placed in custody at Winchester and was determined Alice would not wed Richard, who already had plans to marry Princess Berengaria.